Thank you for visiting the Installing shingles page. Often a person’s home is judged off of the appearance of their roof. Are the shingles cracking, folding, or missing? Shingles are what are seen from the outside of your home and your final layer of protection.
New shingles can make your home value go up greatly while improving the overall appearance of your abode.
Often people neglect their roofs because of the high cost, hard work, or the heights involved with replacing the existing roof.
Neglecting your roof can cause leaks; which in return can cause hefty amounts of damage that won’t be seen until it’s too late. Replacing your roof is easier and cheaper than you make think. All it takes is some hard work, a little bit of money, and the determination to make your home a more attractive and safe place.
Shingles come in a couple types; dimensional and three tab. Dimensional shingles being the most prominent and best option for a new roof since they are thicker and more durable. So in our discussion we will refer to them.
Installing shingles can be moderately easy depending on the roof involved. It will require a lot of hard work and you will want a second set of hands or maybe even a third. One of the hardest parts of roofing is shingle placement.
I still remember caring up hundred of bundles of shingles up a ladder. That has all changed with new technology you can have shingles placed directly on your roof top. Roof top delivery makes the whole process a lot easier and safer. Feel free to take a moment to read about roof top delivery and placement if you have not already.
Things you will need or want to have
• Razor blade
• Speed square
• Flat bar
• Chalk line
• Tap measure
• Tool belt
• Galvanized roofing nails
• Optional tools pneumatic roof nailer
• Air compressor, air hose
The first shingle always feels great to put down after all the prep work but not nearly as great as the last. You will start by placing a full shingle down over hanging it off the edge a ¼ of an inch over your drip edge. Run the shingle 1/8 of an inch down passed the drip edge on the roof eave.
Continue this process down about 6 shingles. Now return to starting position now cut off 6 inches off a new shingle and place that shingle directly above the shingle you already placed. You will want the bottom of the new shingle to be flush with the top of the slotted area on the shingle below.
Read the instructions on the back on the shingles packaging for exact measurements and instructions for installing shingles. It can often void warranty if instructions are not followed. The general rule is to cut off 6 inches then 12 inches and then 18 inches. You will then use the scrap to build a virtual stair step pattern as seen in the picture. You will now run these shingles out as far as your first row.
This creates what is known as a course. You can now start a new course or run your first course out to the end. We always find it easiest to run one course all the way out then the other. If you have a second set of hands have one person run out the course and other bring the course to them.
When running a course to the end of the roof remember to never allow two seams to fall on top of each other, always stagger your seams. Cut in the shingles by using speed square for a straight line. Try and keep your quarter inch over hang all the way through. This part seems to get tricky for some often you see it start at a ¼ inch and end up being over an inch of overhang. We cut off the edge the opposite of the overhang giving a straighter edge of overhang.
Continue this process until you have reached the peak of the roof where the top of the shingle is going to overhang the peak. When you reach this point use roofing sheers or a razor knife and cut off the top part of the shingle so that it breaks at the top of the peak and nail it.
The ridge cap will cover the majority of the shingle so do not worry if your cuts are not perfect.
If you are starting in a valley please view installing a roof valley page. It will cover what you need to get your valley prepped for shingling.
Additional notes and safety warnings
• We find it easiest to run the first few courses all the way through to give a walking surface before proceeding
• Avoiding walking on shingles in high heat it will scar up the shingles
• When cutting shingles we usually take up a small cutting board so that we not cut into existing roof.
• Do not leave shingles with the tar strip down they will stick to the roof and damages existing shingles
• Installing shingles can be dangerous you may want to install toe boards for safety.
• Be careful not to step on the top row of shingles they can rip and cause you to fall
• Never walk on roof if it is only morning dew it can be very slippery
• Consider securing your ladder to the roof this can be done by blocking it up against fascia and securing it with blocks on each side
• Use a fiberglass ladder incase of shock and beware of power line and electrical wires
With these easy to follow guide installing shingles should be a moderately easy task. You are now ready to move on to the final step installing ridge cap. Thank you for visiting the installing shingles page. As always good luck with your project and be safe.
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